Prevalence of diabetes mellitus in females living in Kabul in 2022

Authors

  • Mohammad Latif Nazari Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Khatam Al Nabieen University, Kabul, Afghanistan
  • Fazal Rabi Salarzai . Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, City Medical Complex, Kabul, Afghanistan
  • Dawood Hossaini Department of Biology and Microbiology, Faculty of Medical Laboratory Technology, Khatam Al-Nabieen University, Kabul, Afghanistan
  • Ahmad Jamshid Mehrpoor Medical Sciences Research Center, Ghalib University, Kabul, Afghanistan https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7273-9088
  • Murtaza Hiadary Medical Research and Technology Center, Khatam-Al Nabieen University, Kabul, Afghanistan https://orcid.org/0009-0005-4585-7248

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.62134/ajbms/v2.i1.khatamuni.4

Abstract

Introduction: Diabetes is a multifaceted metabolic disorder characterized by increased levels of blood glucose, resulting from several factors that impede proper glucose regulation in affected individuals. This study aims to investigate the relationships between age and blood glucose levels in non-pregnant women in Kabul in 2022.

Materials and Methods: A retrospective cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted in Kabul, Afghanistan, involving patients attending the City Medical Complex in 2023. Blood samples were collected after fasting, and blood glucose levels were assessed using the enzymatic approach. Hyperglycemia was defined using the criteria of the American Diabetes Association. Data were analyzed using SPSS V.18, with a chi-square test for quantitative data, an independent t-test, and an analysis of variance for qualitative data.

Results: The study involved 5102 participants aged 5 to 88 years, with a mean FBS level of 153.18 ± 70.315 mg/dl. 30.5% had normal FBS, 15.8% were pre-diabetic, and 53.7% had diabetes. Age distribution varied significantly across FBS groups, with diabetics having the highest age range (54.68 years) and normals having the smallest (44.07 years).

Discussion: The correlation between aging and diabetes is intricate and diverse. Numerous elements contribute to this association, encompassing the heightened occurrence of diabetes as individuals grow older and the influence of diabetes on the aging progression itself.

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Published

2024-01-11

How to Cite

Nazari, M. L., Salarzai, F. R., Hossaini, D., Mehrpoor, A. J., & Hiadary, M. (2024). Prevalence of diabetes mellitus in females living in Kabul in 2022. Afghanistan Journal of Basic Medical Science, 2(1), 25–30. https://doi.org/10.62134/ajbms/v2.i1.khatamuni.4